Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports

  • Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) is a process for creating (or developing) safer and more effective schools. PBIS, as it is more commonly called, is a systems approach to enhancing the capacity of schools to educate all children by developing research-based, school-wide, and classroom discipline systems. The process focuses on improving a school's ability to teach and support positive behavior for all students. Rather than a prescribed program, PBIS provides systems for schools to design, implement, and evaluate effective school-wide, classroom, non-classroom, and student-specific discipline plans. PBIS includes school-wide procedures and processes intended for:

    • All students, All staff and in All settings
    • Non-classroom settings within the school environment (e.g., hallways, cafeteria, bathrooms)
    • Individual classrooms and teachers
    • Small group interventions for the approximated 5-15% of students that require a more specialized approach to social skills and behavior instruction
    • Individual student supports for the estimated 1-5% of students who present the most challenging behaviors

    PBIS is a team-based process for systemic problem-solving, planning, and evaluation. It is an approach for creating an environment within which school-based teams of educators are trained in:

    • Systems change
    • Effective behavior management principles and practices
    • Applications of research-validated instructional and management practices

    Each school develops its own school-wide expectations, routines, and procedures that reflect the essential elements of PBIS within its school culture.


    Sheri James
    Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) Coordinator
    Department of Student Services and Equity


    Kennetra Wood
    Executive Director of Equity & Alternative Programs
    Department of Student Services and Equity


    ACPS Central Office
    1340 Braddock Place, Suite 510
    Alexandria, VA 22314